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Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information

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Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information
UMR 5205 CNRS / INSA Lyon / Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 / Université Lumière Lyon 2 / École Centrale de Lyon
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Hayri Acar


PhD student

Team Service Oriented Computing
Institution Claude Bernard University of Lyon 1
Location Nautibus (Université Lyon1)
E-mail hayri.acar at
Contact details Publications Thesis
Subject Software development methodology in a Green IT environment
Abstract The number of mobile devices (smartphone, tablet, laptop, etc.) and Internet users are continually increasing. Due to the accessibility provided by cloud computing, Internet and Internet of Things (IoT), users use more and more software applications which cause an increasing effect on gas emission. Thus, ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) is responsible of around 2% worldwide greenhouse gas emissions which is equivalent of that emitted by the airline industry. According to recent reports, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), CO2 emissions due to ICT are increasing widely. Nevertheless, ICT, in allowing to solve complex problems in other sectors, can greatly and easily participate to reduce significant portion of the remaining 98% of global CO2 emissions. The use of software implies hardware operations which are physically responsible of energy consumption. Consequently, software is indirectly involved in the energy consumption. Thus, we need to reduce software energy consumption while maintaining the same functionalities for the software in order to build sustainable and green software.
Firstly, in this thesis work, we define the terms sustainable and green in the area of software development. To build a software product, we need to follow a software engineering process.
Hence, we define and describe sustainable and green criteria to be respected after each step of this process in order to establish a sustainable and green software engineering process. Then, we focus on the software energy consumption estimation. Many research works tried to propose various tools to estimate the energy consumption due to software in order to reduce carbon footprint. Unfortunately, these studies, in the majority of cases, consider only the CPU and neglects all others components. Existing power consumption models need to be improved by taking into account more components susceptible to consume energy during runtime of an application. Writing sustainable, power efficient and green software necessitates to understand the power consumption behavior of a computer program. One of the benefits is the fact that developers, by improving their source code implementations, will optimize software power consumption.
Moreover, there is a lack of analyzing tool to dynamically monitor source code energy
consumption of several components. Thus, we propose GMTEEC (Generic Model of a Tool to
Estimate Energy Consumption) which is composed of four layers assisting developers to build a tool estimating the software power consumption. Hence, in our work, respecting the layers of GMTEEC, we develop TEEC (Tool to Estimate Energy Consumption) which is based on mathematical formula established for each component (CPU, memory, hard disk, network) in order to estimate the total software energy consumption. Moreover, we add in TEEC the capacity to locate dynamically the hotpoints which are the parts of source code consuming the greater amount of energy in order to help and guide developers to optimize their source code and build efficient, sustainable and green software.
We performed a variety of experiments to validate the accuracy and quality of the sustainable and green software engineering process and TEEC. The results demonstrate the possibility to save significant quantity of energy and time at limited costs with an important positive impact on environment.
Advisor Parisa Ghodous

Last update : 2018-01-16 13:45:22